Title

Toxic Alcohol Ingestion: Prompt Recognition And Management In The Emergency Department.

Publication/Presentation Date

9-1-2016

Abstract

Identifying patients with potential toxic alcohol exposure and initiating appropriate management is critical to avoid significant patient morbidity. Sources of toxic alcohol exposure include ethylene glycol, methanol, diethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and isopropanol. Treatment considerations include the antidotes fomepizole and ethanol, and hemodialysis for removal of the parent compound and its toxic metabolites. Additional interventions include adjunctive therapies that may improve acidosis and enhance clearance of the toxic alcohol or metabolites. This issue reviews common sources of alcohol exposure, basic mechanisms of toxicity, physical examination and laboratory findings that may guide rapid assessment and management, and indications for treatment.

Volume

18

Issue

9

First Page

1

Last Page

20

ISSN

1559-3908

Disciplines

Emergency Medicine

PubMedID

27538060

Department(s)

Department of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty

Document Type

Article