Gender and age differences in cardiovascular complications in anorexia nervosa patients.
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by severe malnutrition and electrolyte imbalances. Differences in cardiovascular complications between males and females with AN have not been studied. Additionally, coronary artery disease (CAD) prevalence and cardiovascular complications in patients with AN >65years have not been reported.
METHODS: AN patients>18years were identified in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2009-2010 database using the Ninth Revision of International Classification of Disease code 307.1. Demographics, risk factors, and cardiovascular event rates were compared to general population data.
RESULTS: CAD incidence was lower in all AN patients compared to the general population (4.4% vs 18.4%, p65years old. When compared to the general population>65years, older AN patients had lower rates of CAD (35% vs 16%; p
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggests that male AN patients experienced more cardiac arrests, arrhythmias, and heart failure than female AN patients. Additionally, older AN patients have a decreased incidence of CAD and heart failure compared to the general population>65years old.
Published In/Presented At
Kalla, A., Krishnamoorthy, P., Gopalakrishnan, A., Garg, J., Patel, N. C., & Figueredo, V. M. (2016). Gender and age differences in cardiovascular complications in anorexia nervosa patients. International Journal Of Cardiology, 22755-57. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.209.
Cardiology | Medical Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine Faculty, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents, Cardiology Division