Hindfoot Arthrodesis for the Elective and Posttraumatic Foot Deformity.

John J. Stapleton DPM, FACFAS, Lehigh Valley Health Network
Thomas Zgonis

Abstract

Triple (talonavicular, subtalar, and calcaneocuboid) joint arthrodesis and most recently double (talonavicular and subtalar) joint arthrodesis have been well proposed in the literature for surgical repair of the elective, posttraumatic, and/or neuropathic hindfoot deformities. The articulation of the hindfoot with the ankle and midfoot is multiaxial, and arthrodesis of these joints can significantly alter the lower extremity biomechanical manifestations by providing anatomic correction and alignment. This article reviews the indications and preoperative planning for some of the most common procedures to address the hindfoot deformity.