Title

Staged versus index procedure complete revascularization in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: A meta-analysis.

Publication/Presentation Date

8-28-2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Complete revascularization of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel coronary artery disease reduces adverse events compared to infarct-related artery only revascularization. Whether complete revascularization should be done as multivessel intervention during index procedure or as a staged procedure remains controversial.

METHOD: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing outcomes of multivessel intervention in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel coronary artery disease as staged procedure versus at the time of index procedure. Composite of death or myocardial infarction was the primary outcome. Mantel-Haenszel risk ratios were calculated using random effect model.

RESULTS: Six randomized studies with a total of 1126 patients met our selection criteria. At a mean follow-up of 13 months, composite of myocardial infarction or death (7.2% vs 11.7%, RR: 1.66, 95%CI: 1.09-2.52, P = 0.02), all cause mortality (RR: 2.55, 95%CI: 1.42-4.58, P < 0.01), cardiovascular mortality (RR: 2.8, 95%CI: 1.33-5.86, P = 0.01), and short-term (

CONCLUSION: In patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel coronary artery disease, a strategy of complete revascularization as a staged procedure compared to index procedure revascularization results in reduced mortality without an increase in repeat myocardial infarction or need for repeat revascularization.

ISSN

1540-8183

Disciplines

Cardiology | Medical Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

28849628

Department(s)

Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents

Document Type

Article