Physician Attitudes Regarding Cardiovascular Risk Reduction: The Gaps Between Clinical Importance, Knowledge, and Effectiveness.
Reducing risk factors for patients with vascular disease can reduce the subsequent incidence of cerebro-cardiovascular disease. While physicians have had extensive training in the importance of atherosclerotic vascular disease risk factor modification, evidence suggests that they systematically miss opportunities for clinical prevention during routine practice. The aim of this study was to identify whether physicians felt confident in their knowledge and effectiveness regarding counseling patients to reduce cardiovascular risk and to determine barriers to prevention interventions in the office setting. Surveys were mailed to 509 physicians affiliated with an academic community hospital. Nonrespondents were sent reminders and a second survey. Comparisons were made using chi-square analysis. Two hundred and five surveys were returned (40.3%). Thirty-six percent of physicians felt knowledgeable about weight management techniques, compared to 3% who were confident that they succeeded in their practice (p < 0.001). Similar patterns were found for Tobacco Cessation (62% versus 14%, p = 0.001), Alcohol Reduction (46% versus 7%, p < 0.001), Stress Management (35% versus 5%, p < 0.001), Exercise (53% versus 10%, p < 0.001), Nutrition (36% versus 8%, p < 0.001), Diabetes Management (48% versus 23%, p < 0.001), Blood Pressure Management (57% versus 43%, p < 0.001) and Lipid Management (59% versus 38%, p < 0.001). We identified a significant gap between physician confidence in their knowledge about risk factors and their effectiveness at providing counseling and obtaining results in their office. Most physicians felt that the routine office follow-up visit was an ineffective method for instituting vascular risk factor reduction. Alternate settings for risk factor reduction may be needed for improving atherosclerosis prevention.
Published In/Presented At
Castaldo, J., Nester, J., Wasser, T., Masiado, T., Rossi, M., Young, M., & ... Schwartz, J. S. (2005). Physician attitudes regarding cardiovascular risk reduction: the gaps between clinical importance, knowledge, and effectiveness. Disease Management: DM, 8(2), 93-105.
Medical Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Administration and Leadership, Department of Community Health and Health Studies, Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine Faculty, LVHN Accountable Care Organization LLC