Title

Chiropractic Response to a Spontaneous Vertebral Artery Dissection.

Publication/Presentation Date

9-1-2015

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a case in which early detection and proper follow-up of spontaneous vertebral artery dissection led to satisfactory outcomes.

CLINICAL FEATURES: A 34-year old white woman reported to a chiropractic clinic with a constant burning pain at the right side of her neck and shoulder with a limited ability to turn her head from side to side, periods of blurred vision, and muffled hearing. Dizziness, visual and auditory disturbances, and balance difficulty abated within 1 hour of onset and were not present at the time of evaluation. A pain drawing indicated burning pain in the suboccipital area, neck, and upper shoulder on the right and a pins and needles sensation on the dorsal surface of both forearms. Turning her head from side-to-side aggravated the pain, and the application of heat brought temporary relief. The Neck Disability Index score of 44 placed the patient's pain in the most severe category.

INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: The patient was not treated on the initial visit but was advised of the possibility of a vertebral artery or carotid artery dissection and was recommended to the emergency department for immediate evaluation. The patient declined but later was convinced by her chiropractor to present to the emergency department. A magnetic resonance angiogram of the neck and carotid arteries was performed showing that the left vertebral artery was hypoplastic and appeared to terminate at the left posterior inferior cerebellar artery. There was an abrupt moderately long segment of narrowing involving the right vertebral artery beginning near the junction of the V1 and V2 segments. The radiologist noted a concern regarding right vertebral artery dissection. Symptoms resolved and the patient was cleared of any medications but advised that if symptoms reoccurred she was to go for emergency care immediately.

CONCLUSION: Recognition and rapid response by the chiropractic physician provided the optimum outcome for this particular patient.

Volume

14

Issue

3

First Page

183

Last Page

190

ISSN

1556-3707

Disciplines

Medical Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

26778932

Department(s)

Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine Faculty

Document Type

Article