Title

Detection of hTERT mRNA in Colonic Brush Specimens as an Adjunct to Cytopathologic Diagnosis of Colonic Adenocarcinoma.

Publication/Presentation Date

11-1-2002

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in determining telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) mRNA to assist with the diagnosis of colonic adenocarcinoma (CCA) in colonic brush cytology specimens.

STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-seven colonic brushes of CCA were obtained. Initial cytologic diagnoses included CCA, suspicious for CCA (SFC), atypical (ATY) and unsatisfactory. The cytologic specimens were reviewed. A homogeneous RT-PCR assay for hTERT mRNA was performed on 27 colonic brushes of CCA and 24 controls (10 negative brushes, 6 resected CCA and 8 benign colonic mucosa from resected specimens). A RT-PCR assay for beta 2-microglobulin was used as an internal control for mRNA quality.

RESULTS: On review, the initial cytopathologic diagnosis of CCA was confirmed in all 7 cases. In addition, 7 of 19 initially interpreted as SFC and ATY seemed to demonstrate unequivocal cytomorphologic features of malignancy. Telomerase mRNA was more often expressed in CCA than in negative controls in both brush (30%) and resected specimens (57%) (P < .05). Seven cases with hTERT mRNA expression were initially diagnosed as CCA (three), SFC (three) and ATY (one).

CONCLUSION: CCA may be underdiagnosed in brush cytopathology. The expression of hTERT mRNA may be determined by RT-PCR in brush specimens and may eventually prove to be a useful diagnostic adjunct in the interpretation of inconclusive cases of CCA. Sparse cellularity in brush specimens may result in a relatively low rate of hTERT detection in colonic brushes of CCA; inflammatory changes may contribute to a higher-than-expected rate of hTERT expression in benign colonic epithelium.

Volume

46

Issue

6

First Page

1069

Last Page

1074

ISSN

0001-5547

Disciplines

Medical Pathology | Pathology

PubMedID

12462084

Department(s)

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Pathology Laboratory Medicine Faculty

Document Type

Article