Title

Increased Expression of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1alpha in Rat and Human Prostate Cancer.

Publication/Presentation Date

12-1-1998

Abstract

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that regulates genes involved in adaptation to hypoxia. Expression of HIF-1alpha was evaluated in rat and human prostate cancer cell lines. Increased expression of HIF-1alpha mRNA in rat prostate cancer cell lines and hypoxia-induced expression of HIF-1alpha protein in human prostate cancer cell lines are associated with increased cell growth rates and metastatic potential. HIF-1alpha mRNA was undetectable in the normal rat ventral prostate by Northern blot hybridization. HIF-1alpha protein expression and HIF-1 DNA binding activity were detected in normoxic PC-3 cells. Human prostate cancer cells plated at low density manifested higher functional HIF-1alpha expression than cells plated at high density independent of O2 tension. HIF-1alpha may become dysregulated in prostate cancer and thus drive the transcription of hypoxia-adaptive genes involved in tumor progression. This is also the first evidence that human cancer cells can express functional HIF-1alpha protein under normoxic conditions.

Volume

58

Issue

23

First Page

5280

Last Page

5284

ISSN

0008-5472

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Medical Specialties | Surgery | Urology

PubMedID

9850048

Department(s)

Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Faculty

Document Type

Article