Title

Pregnancy After Lung Transplant

Publication/Presentation Date

6-1-2012

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze pregnancy outcomes in female lung transplant recipients. Data were collected from the National Transplantation Pregnancy Registry via questionnaires, interviews, and hospital records. Twenty-one female lung recipients reported 30 pregnancies with 32 outcomes (1 triplet pregnancy). Outcomes included 18 live births, 5 therapeutic abortions, and 9 spontaneous abortions. No stillbirths or ectopic pregnancies were reported. Mean (SD) interval from transplant to conception was 3.6 (3.3) years (range, 0.1-11.3 years). Comorbid conditions during pregnancy included hypertension in 16, infections in 7, diabetes in 7, preeclampsia in 1, and rejection in 5 women. Ten of the 21 recipients received a transplant because of cystic fibrosis and accounted for 12 pregnancy outcomes (7 live births, 3 spontaneous abortions, and 2 therapeutic abortions). At last recipient contact, 13 had adequate function, 2 had reduced function, 5 recipients had died (2 with cystic fibrosis), and 1 recipient had a nonfunctioning transplant. Mean gestational age of the newborn was 33.9 (SD, 5.2) weeks, and 11 were born preterm (weeks). Mean birthweight was 2206 (SD, 936) g and 11 were low birthweight (g). Two neonatal deaths were associated with a triplet pregnancy; one fetus spontaneously aborted at 14 weeks and 2 died after preterm birth at 22 weeks. At last follow-up, all 16 surviving children were reported healthy and developing well. Successful pregnancy is possible after lung transplant, even among recipients with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis.

Volume

22

Issue

2

First Page

134

Last Page

140

ISSN

1526-9248

Disciplines

Circulatory and Respiratory Physiology | Medical Sciences | Medical Specialties | Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Medical Specialties | Surgery

PubMedID

22878069

Peer Reviewed for front end display

Peer-Reviewed

Department(s)

Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Faculty

Document Type

Article