Causes and Predictors of Heart Failure Hospitalizations Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has transformed the management of aortic stenosis (AS) and is increasingly being used for patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis who are ineligible or at high risk for conventional cardiac surgery.
METHODS: PUBMED, Google Scholar, and SCOPUS databases were searched to identify studies reporting heart failure hospitalization after TAVI. Major factors evaluated for HF hospitalization were age, comorbidities such as hypertension, atrial fibrillation (AF), chronic pulmonary disease including COPD, chronic kidney disease, baseline LVEF before the procedure, NYHA symptom class, and society of thoracic surgeons (STS) score. Hazard ratio (HR) with a 95% confidence interval were computed using random-effects models.
RESULTS: A total of eight studies were included comprising 77,745 patients who underwent TAVI for severe aortic stenosis. The presence of diabetes mellitus (HR: 1.39, 95% CI [1.17, 1.66], chronic kidney disease (CKD) (HR: 1.39, 95% CI [1.31, 1.48], atrial fibrillation (HR: 1.69, 95% CI [1.42, 2.01], chronic pulmonary disease (HR: 1.33, 95% CI [1.12, 1.58], and a high STS score (HR: 1.07, 95% CI [1.03, 1.11] were positive predictors of 1-year HF hospitalization after TAVI.
CONCLUSION: Patients with diabetes mellitus, AF, CKD, chronic pulmonary disease, and a high STS score are at an increased risk of heart failure hospitalization at 1-year of TAVI, whereas increasing age, hypertension, LVEF
Published In/Presented At
Yasmin, F., Aamir, M., Moeed, A., Iqbal, K., Iqbal, A., Asghar, M. S., Ullah, W., Rajapreyar, I., & Brailovsky, Y. (2022). Causes and Predictors of Heart Failure Hospitalizations Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Current problems in cardiology, 101428. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101428
Medicine and Health Sciences
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents