Impact of intercostal artery occlusion on spinal cord ischemia following thoracic endovascular aortic repair.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intercostal artery patency following thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and its relationship with spinal cord ischemia (SCI).
METHODS: Patients with SCI (n = 7) and a matched control cohort (n = 18) were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Radiographic analysis of intercostal patency was assessed using 3-dimensional (3-D)-reconstructed images of pre- and postoperative CT angiograms (1-6 months, 6-12 months, and 1-5 years).
RESULTS: Patients with SCI had a higher incidence of perioperative hypotension (P < .01) and longer procedure duration (P = .01). While the mean number of patent intercostal arteries at each time interval was not significantly different between groups, both SCI (P = .002) and control (P
CONCLUSION: TEVAR decreases intercostal artery patency in the area of aortic coverage. Our data suggest that intercostal artery patency, in conjunction with perioperative hypotension, is an important contributor to postoperative SCI.
Published In/Presented At
Ullery, B. W., Quatromoni, J., Jackson, B. M., Woo, E. Y., Fairman, R. M., Desai, N. D., Bavaria, J. E., & Wang, G. J. (2011). Impact of intercostal artery occlusion on spinal cord ischemia following thoracic endovascular aortic repair. Vascular and endovascular surgery, 45(6), 519–523. https://doi.org/10.1177/1538574411408742
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division