Association Between 6-Minute Walk Test and All-Cause Mortality, Coronary Heart Disease-Specific Mortality, and Incident Coronary Heart Disease.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between 6-min walk test (6 MWT) performance and all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease mortality, and incident coronary heart disease in older adults.
METHOD: We conducted a time-to-event analysis of 1,665 Cardiovascular Health Study participants without prevalent cardiovascular disease with a 6 MWT.
RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 8 years, there were 305 incident coronary heart disease events, and 504 deaths of which 100 were coronary heart disease-related deaths. The 6 MWT performance in the shortest two distance quintiles was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality (290-338 m: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.2, 2.5];= 2.1; 95% CI = [1.4, 3.0]). The adjusted risk of coronary heart disease mortality incident events among those with a 6 MWT < 290 m was not significant.
DISCUSSION: Performance on the 6 MWT is independently associated with all-cause mortality and is of prognostic utility in community-dwelling older adults.
Published In/Presented At
Yazdanyar, A., Aziz, M. M., Enright, P. L., Edmundowicz, D., Boudreau, R., Sutton-Tyrell, K., Kuller, L., & Newman, A. B. (2014). Association Between 6-Minute Walk Test and All-Cause Mortality, Coronary Heart Disease-Specific Mortality, and Incident Coronary Heart Disease. Journal of aging and health, 26(4), 583–599. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264314525665
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Emergency Medicine