Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in hemodialysis patients.
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in dialysis patients was studied with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Potential benefits of spironolactone were examined in a subset of patients.
METHODS: This was a prospective case series of 30 hemodialysis patients in whom cardiac MRI was performed. Repeat MRI was done in a subset of 13 patients after 9 months of daily oral spironolactone 25 mg.
RESULTS: Subjects exhibited a characteristic cardiac morphology, distinct from both concentric LVH (cLVH) and eccentric LVH (eLVH). Compared with normal controls, LV mass index was increased, end-diastolic volume index was increased, and ejection fraction was reduced, but sphericity indices did not differ. No significant changes were seen after spironolactone.
CONCLUSIONS: LVH in dialysis patients has a unique MRI appearance which is distinct from either cLVH or eLVH, with profound LV thickening and moderate dilation of the ventricular cavity. A 9-month course of spironolactone therapy did not affect morphology.
Published In/Presented At
McGill, R. L., Biederman, R. W., Getts, R. T., Hazlett, S. M., Sharma, S. B., Duran, J., Brandys, D. E., Sysak, J. C., Sureshkumar, K. K., Sandroni, S. E., & Marcus, R. J. (2009). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in hemodialysis patients. Journal of nephrology, 22(3), 367–372.
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine