Randomized Controlled Trial of Wound Complication Rates of Subcuticular Suture vs Staples for Skin Closure at Cesarean Delivery
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the wound complication rates and patient satisfaction for subcuticular suture vs staples for skin closure at cesarean delivery.
STUDY DESIGN: This was a randomized prospective trial. Subjects who underwent cesarean delivery were assigned randomly to stainless steel staples or subcuticular 4.0 Monocryl sutures. The primary outcomes were composite wound complication rate and patient satisfaction.
RESULTS: A total of 435 patients were assigned randomly. Staple closure was associated with a 4-fold increased risk of wound separation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.07-10.52; P < .001). Having a wound complication was associated with a 5-fold decrease in patient satisfaction (aOR, 0.18; 95% CI, 0.09-0.37; P < .001). After confounders were controlled for, there was no difference in satisfaction between the treatment groups (aOR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.34-1.50; P = .63).
CONCLUSION: Use of staples for cesarean delivery closure is associated with an increased risk of wound complications. Occurrence of a wound complication is the most important factor that influenced patient satisfaction.
Published In/Presented At
Basha, S. L., Rochon, M. L., Quiñones, J. N., Coassolo, K. M., Rust, O. A., & Smulian, J. C. (2010). Randomized controlled trial of wound complication rates of subcuticular suture vs staples for skin closure at cesarean delivery. American Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, 203(3), 285.e1-8. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2010.07.011.
Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing | Medical Sciences | Medical Specialties | Medicine and Health Sciences | Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Residents