Risk factors for preterm delivery in patients demonstrating sonographic evidence of premature dilation of the internal os, prolapse of the membranes in the endocervical canal and shortening of the distal cervical segment by second trimester ultrasound.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes and risk factors associated with the second trimester sonographic findings of premature dilation of the internal cervical os, prolapse of the membranes into the endocervical canal and shortening of the distal segment.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review to identify patients who met the following criteria: (i) gestational age between 16 and 24 weeks; (ii) a vaginal probe ultrasound documenting dilatation of the internal os, prolapsed membranes into the endocervical canal but not extending beyond the external os, and a shortened distal cervix; and (iii) no evidence of increased uterine activity
METHODS: Sonographic measurements obtained included: (i) the width of the internal os dilation; (ii) the depth of membranes prolapsed into endocervix (funneling); (iii) the distal cervical length; and (iv) the total cervical length. Patients were stratified into two groups according to gestational age at delivery: the preterm group (< 34 weeks) and the near-term group (> or = 34 weeks).
RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients had complete records for analysis and their pregnancies resulted in 47 live births. Eighteen patients were stratified to the near term group and 19 were stratified to the preterm group. There were no stillborn infants and 10 neonatal deaths. Ten patients received cerclage and seven patients delivered at < 34 weeks gestational age. Risk factors found to be significant for preterm delivery included a gestational age at diagnosis of < or = 20 weeks gestation (p = 0.03), dilatation of the internal os > 1.3 cm (p = 0.04), and a composite Benham score > or = 1.0 (p = 0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: The sonographic findings of premature dilatation of the internal os, prolapse of the membranes into the endocervical canal and shortening of the distal cervix are associated with a high rate of delivery < 34 weeks (51%) and neonatal death (27%).
Published In/Presented At
Benham, B. N., Balducci, J., Atlas, R. O., & Rust, O. A. (2002). Risk factors for preterm delivery in patients demonstrating sonographic evidence of premature dilation of the internal os, prolapse of the membranes in the endocervical canal and shortening of the distal cervical segment by second trimester ultrasound. The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology, 42(1), 46–50. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0004-8666.2002.00052.x
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology