Military Preventable Death Conceptual Framework: A Systematic Approach for Reducing Battlefield Mortality.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Report on Zero Preventable Deaths highlighted the need for a military and civilian partnership to take lessons learned from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and incorporate them into a national learning trauma care system. One of the specific objectives in the report was to establish military preventable death metrics. Upon further inspection, it became apparent that the Department of Defense did not have an established methodology to reliably estimate and report preventable death metrics and opportunities to improve the military trauma care system. Over the last year, clinical and non-clinical subject matter experts from the Joint Trauma System and Armed Forces Medical Examiners System began the process of establishing a standard military preventable death review process to meet the objective outlined in the report. Based on an assessment to understand methodological best practices for preventable death reviews, this manuscript presents the conceptual framework that is guiding our effort to establish the first ever battle-related mortality surveillance system with preventable death metrics and opportunities to improve the trauma care system.
Published In/Presented At
Janak, J., Stockinger, Z., Mazuchowski, E., Kotwal, R., Sosnov, J., Montgomery, H., Butler, F., Shackelford, S., Gurney, J., Spott, M., Finelli, L., & Smith, D. J. (2018). Military Preventable Death Conceptual Framework: A Systematic Approach for Reducing Battlefield Mortality. Military medicine, 183(suppl_2), 15–23. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy149
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine