Title

PNL2 melanocytic marker in immunohistochemical evaluation of primary mucosal melanoma of the head and neck.

Publication/Presentation Date

6-1-2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Histologic diagnosis of mucosal melanoma of the head and neck is difficult, requiring immunohistochemical stains which are less reliable than in cutaneous lesions. PNL-2 is a novel marker that has not been examined in mucosal melanoma.

METHODS: Nine formalin-fixed tissue sections of mucosal melanoma were stained with PNL-2, human melanoma black (HMB)-45, Melan-A, S-100, and microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF).

RESULTS: Disease in all 9 patients arose from the sinonasal mucosa. Rates of diffuse positive staining with the 4 stains were PNL-2 (77.8%), HMB-45 (77.8%), Melan-A (50%), S-100 (87.5%), and MITF (40%). In 3 patients, PNL2 staining was superior to Melan-A or MITF.

CONCLUSION: We report the first characterization of PNL-2 staining in head and neck mucosal melanoma. PNL-2 demonstrates high sensitivity for mucosal melanoma, likely superior to Melan-A and MITF, and comparable to HMB-45, with specificity superior to S-100. We advocate inclusion of PNL2 as an important adjunctive marker in the evaluation of these lesions.

Volume

30

Issue

6

First Page

771

Last Page

775

ISSN

1043-3074

Comments

Also, presented at American Head and Neck Society 2006 Annual Meeting.

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

18228523

Department(s)

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Document Type

Article

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