Integral care for pregnant adolescents: impact on offspring.
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of integral support on the health of children of adolescent mothers and their children.
METHODS: A prospective study involving 50 adolescent mothers, who had frequent meetings with a multi-professional group throughout pregnancy. After birth, medical followup was provided to mother and child.
RESULTS: Mean schooling proved higher than the national average. After follow-up, the rate of return to education was 24%. These adolescents had good social network support from both family and father of the child. They considered themselves good mothers and felt happier after maternity experience. Adolescents demonstrated a responsible sex life involving family planning and correct use of contraception, yielding extremely low levels of repeat pregnancy. Of the mothers, 48% were employed, working, earning a mean monthly salary of 150% minimum wage. The children of mothers followed by were breastfed longer and had greater vaccination cover than the average for São Paulo State.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that our program promotes education of adolescents and their children; demonstrates the importance of a social support network through the family of the young mother and father of the child; fosters positive maternal social model addressing self-esteem and responsibility; informs mothers on contraception and encourages a responsible sex life, baby care, vaccination, and maternal breastfeeding.
Published In/Presented At
Oliva, G. S., de Mendonça, R. G., Sant'Anna, M. J., Passarelli, M. L., Coates, V., & Omar, H. A. (2008). Integral care for pregnant adolescents: impact on offspring. International journal of adolescent medicine and health, 20(4), 537–546. https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh.2008.20.4.537
Medicine and Health Sciences | Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics