Simultaneous expression of ClopHensor and SLC26A3 reveals the nature of endogenous oxalate transport in CHO cells.
ClopHensor, a fluorescent fusion protein, is a dual function biosensor that has been utilized as a tool for the simultaneous measurement of intracellular chloride and pH in cells. ClopHensor has traditionally been used in conjunction with fluorescence microscopy for single cell measurements. Here, we present a promising multi-well format advancement for the use of ClopHensor as a potential high-throughput method capable of measuring fluorescence signal intensity across a well of confluent cells with highly reproducible results. Using this system, we gained mechanistic insight into an endogenous oxalate transporter in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing ClopHensor and the human chloride transporter, SLC26A3. SLC26A3, a known anion exchanger, has been proposed to play a role in colonic oxalate absorption in humans. Our attempt to study the role of SLC26A3 in oxalate transport revealed the presence of an endogenous oxalate transporter in CHO cells. This transporter was strongly inhibited by niflumate, and exhibited clear saturability. Use of ClopHensor in a multi-well cell assay allowed us to quickly demonstrate that the endogenous oxalate transporter was unable to exchange chloride for bicarbonate, unlike SLC26A3.
Published In/Presented At
Wasiluk, T., Roueinfar, M., Hiryak, K., Torsiello, M., Miner, A., Lee, J., Venditto, M., Terzaghi, W., Lucent, D., & VanWert, A. L. (2019). Simultaneous expression of ClopHensor and SLC26A3 reveals the nature of endogenous oxalate transport in CHO cells. Biology open, 8(4), bio041665. https://doi.org/10.1242/bio.041665
Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Department of Pharmacy