CD30+ Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma: Response to Rotational Total Skin Electron Irradiation.
INTRODUCTION: Rotational total skin electron irradiation (RTSEI) is an effective therapy for cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL). CD30 expression has been identified as a prognostic factor in CTCL. Therefore, we investigated CD30 status, treatment response, and survival in our cohort of patients with CTCL treated with RTSEI.
METHODS: Patients with CTCL treated with RTSEI (≥30 Gy) between 2000 and 2013 at our institution were identified, and clinical and pathologic data were retrospectively reviewed. Primary outcomes were complete clinical response (CCR; >90% reduction of skin disease burden), relapse-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS).
RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients with CTCL treated with RTSEI were identified. Median age at diagnosis was 51 years with median follow-up of 61 months. Median OS was 76 months and median RFS was 11 months. Thirteen patients (19%) had CD30+ lymphocytes on initial pathology. In the CD30+ cohort, there were no T2, eight T3, and five T4 cases. In comparison, in the CD30- cohort, there were 18 T2, 29 T3, and 8 T4 cases (P = 0.01). Six weeks post-RTSEI, CCR was 85% in CD30+ and 81% in CD30- cases (P = 1). Six months post-RTSEI, CCR was 23% in CD30+ and 50% in CD30- cases (P = 0.083).
CONCLUSION: RTSEI resulted in excellent CCR at 6 weeks in our cohort of patients with CTCL, with a median RFS of 11 months. We found CD30+ patients presented with significantly higher T stage at time of RTSEI and trended towards decreased CCR at 6 months post-RTSEI compared with the CD30- group.
Published In/Presented At
Danish, H. H., Heumann, T. R., Bradley, K. T., Switchenko, J., Esiashvili, N., Lechowicz, M. J., Flowers, C. R., & Khan, M. K. (2016). CD30+ Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoma: Response to Rotational Total Skin Electron Irradiation. Dermatology and therapy, 6(2), 251–263. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13555-016-0115-8
Medicine and Health Sciences | Oncology
Department of Radiation Oncology