Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-27-2021

Publication Title

Scientific reports

E-ISSN

2045-2322

Department(s)

Department of Medicine; Fellows and Residents

Abstract

Regulation of Ca signaling is critical for the progression of cell division, especially during meiosis to prepare the egg for fertilization. The primary Ca influx pathway in oocytes is Store-Operated Ca Entry (SOCE). SOCE is tightly regulated during meiosis, including internalization of the SOCE channel, Orai1. Orai1 is a four-pass membrane protein with cytosolic N- and C-termini. Orai1 internalization requires a caveolin binding motif (CBM) in the N-terminus as well as the C-terminal cytosolic domain. However, the molecular determinant for Orai1 endocytosis in the C-terminus are not known. Here we show that the Orai1 C-terminus modulates Orai1 endocytosis during meiosis through a structural motif that is based on the strength of the C-terminal intersubunit coiled coil (CC) domains. Deletion mutants show that a minimal C-terminal sequence after transmembrane domain 4 (residues 260-275) supports Orai1 internalization. We refer to this region as the C-terminus Internalization Handle (CIH). Access to CIH however is dependent on the strength of the intersubunit CC. Mutants that increase the stability of the coiled coil prevent internalization independent of specific mutation. We further used human and Xenopus Orai isoforms with different propensity to form C-terminal CC and show a strong correlation between the strength of the CC and Orai internalization. Furthermore, Orai1 internalization does not depend on clathrin, flotillin or PIP2. Collectively these results argue that Orai1 internalization requires both the N-terminal CBM and C-terminal CIH where access to CIH is controlled by the strength of intersubunit C-terminal CC.

Volume

11

Issue

1

First Page

2290

DOI

10.1038/s41598-021-82048-z

PubMed ID

33504898

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