Clinical Factors and Outcomes of Octogenarians Receiving Curative Surgery for Esophageal Cancer.
BACKGROUND: The incidence of esophageal cancer is increasing in the United States. Although neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) for locally advanced cancers followed by surgical resection is the standard of care, there are no clearly defined guidelines for patients aged ≥79 y.
METHODS: Query of an institutional review board-approved database of 1031 esophagectomies at our institution revealed 35 patients aged ≥79 y from 1999 to 2017 who underwent esophagectomy. Age, gender, tumor location, histology, clinical stage, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), NAT administration, pathologic response rate to NAT, surgery type, negative margin resection status, postoperative complications, postoperative death, length of stay, 30- and 90-d mortality, and disease status parameters were analyzed in association with clinical outcome.
RESULTS: The median age of the octogenarian cohort was 82.1 y with a male preponderance (91.4%). American Joint Committee on Cancer clinical staging was stage I for 20% of patients, stage II for 27% of patients, and stage III for 50% of patients, which was not statistically significant compared with the younger cohort (P = 0.576). Within the octogenarian group, 54% received NAT compared with 67% in the younger group (P = 0.098). There was no difference in postoperative complications (P = 0.424), postoperative death (P = 0.312), and recurrence rate (P = 0.434) between the groups. However, CCI was significantly different between the octogenarian and nonoctogenarian cohort (P = 0.008), and octogenarians had shorter overall survival (18 versus 62 mo, P
CONCLUSIONS: Curative surgery is viable and safe for octogenarians with esophageal cancer. Long-term survival was significantly shorter in the octogenarian group, suggesting the need for better clinical selection criteria for esophagectomy after chemoradiation and that identification of complete responders for nonoperative management is warranted.
Published In/Presented At
Song, E. Y., Frakes, J. M., Extermann, M., Klocksieben, F., Mehta, R., Saeed, S., Hoffe, S. E., & Pimiento, J. M. (2020). Clinical Factors and Outcomes of Octogenarians Receiving Curative Surgery for Esophageal Cancer. The Journal of surgical research, 251, 100–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.01.002
Medical Education | Medicine and Health Sciences
USF-LVHN SELECT Program Students, USF-LVHN SELECT Program