Molecular characterization of late stomal recurrence following total laryngectomy.
The goal was to determine recurrent or second primary status for late stomal malignancies, 16 and 17 years post-total laryngectomy in two laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) patients, based on DNA methylation signatures and HPV typing. Adopting a literature review based definition of late stomal recurrences as new primaries at the site of the stoma or neopharynx occurring >5 years after total laryngectomy, we employed a multi-gene candidate approach to examine promoter methylation in 24 tumor suppressor genes and PCR-based assays for HPV status offered additional insights into whether the late stomal tumors post-total laryngectomy were related or not. The primary tumor for Patient 1 was negative for HPV but had aberrant hypermethylation of APC, MLH1 and BRCA1. The stomal biopsy 17-years later showed presence of HPV-16 without any methylated genes. In Patient 2, HPV-11 and promoter methylation of APC identified in the primary tumor was also observed in the stomal malignancy 16 years post-total laryngectomy. Additional information provided by molecular typing for HPV and methylation markers underscored Patient 1's and 2's late stomal presentation as most likely a second primary and recurrence, respectively. DNA methylation markers are particularly advantageous because DNA methylation is an early event in tumorigenesis, and the epigenetic modification, 5-methylcytosine, is a stable marker. Molecular marks to discern genetic heterogeneity or relatedness of stomal malignancies several years post-total laryngectomy can provide clues to their status as either second primaries or likely recurrences. Our results support the hypothesis that a subset of stomal recurrences after total laryngectomy represents second primary tumors.
Published In/Presented At
Stephen, J. K., Symal, M., Chen, K. M., Ghanem, T., Deeb, R., Shah, V., Havard, S., & Worsham, M. J. (2011). Molecular characterization of late stomal recurrence following total laryngectomy. Oncology reports, 25(3), 669–676. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2011.1136
Medicine and Health Sciences | Otolaryngology | Surgery
Peer Reviewed for front end display
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Faculty