Title

Reperfusion injury after focal cerebral ischemia: the role of inflammation and the therapeutic horizon.

Publication/Presentation Date

12-1-1998

Abstract

Recent evidence indicates that thrombolysis may be an effective therapy for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. However, the reperfusion of ischemic brain comes with a price. In clinical trials, patients treated with thrombolytic therapy have shown a 6% rate of intracerebral hemorrhage, which was balanced against a 30% improvement in functional outcome over controls. Destruction of the microvasculature and extension of the infarct area occur after cerebral reperfusion. We have reviewed the existing data indicating that an inflammatory response occurring after the reestablishment of circulation has a causative role in this reperfusion injury. The recruitment of neutrophils to the area of ischemia, the first step to inflammation, involves the coordinated appearance of multiple proteins. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and integrins are adhesion molecules that are up-regulated in endothelial cells and leukocytes. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1, and platelet-activating factor also participate in leukocyte accumulation and subsequent activation. Therapies that interfere with the functions of these factors have shown promise in reducing reperfusion injury and infarct extension in the experimental setting. They may prove to be useful adjuncts to thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

Volume

43

Issue

6

First Page

1382

Last Page

1396

ISSN

0148-396X

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

9848853

Department(s)

Department of Surgery

Document Type

Article

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