Perioperative Impact of Early Limited Surgical Intervention to Treat Pilon Fractures.
BACKGROUND: The operative treatment of pilon fractures is classically treated with a staged protocol with ankle spanning external fixator, followed by definitive open reduction and internal fixation in order to decrease risk of soft tissue complications and infection. However, treatment of pilon fractures with patrial tibial fixation in addition to ankle spanning external fixation at the time of index procedure may facilitate final fixation while avoiding complications that were associated with acute definitive fixation.
METHODS: Retrospective cohort series of 113 patients treated for pilon fractures from September 2012 to November 2018 at a single level 1 trauma center. Charts were reviewed to compare patients who underwent traditional management with a staged protocol and those who had a limited tibial reduction and fixation (LTRF) during the index procedure. The main outcome measurement was time to definitive fixation.
RESULTS: Twenty-six percent of patients (29 of 113) had limited tibial reduction and fixation (LTRF) during index surgery. Mean time between index procedure and definitive ORIF was 4.75 days less for LTRF cohort compared to standard stage cohort (10.86 ± 7.44 vs. 15.61 ± 8.59 days,
CONCLUSION: Patients who had LTRF had quicker time to definitive ORIF and decreased operative time for definitive ORIF. There was no difference in infection rate, reduction quality, or nonunion rate between groups.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Retrospective Cohort Study.
Published In/Presented At
Hreha, J., Metrione, M. D., Reilly, M. C., Sirkin, M. S., & Adams, M. R. (2022). Perioperative Impact of Early Limited Surgical Intervention to Treat Pilon Fractures. Foot & ankle international, 43(8), 1092–1098. https://doi.org/10.1177/10711007221094024
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery