Reverse end-to-side neurotization in a regenerating nerve.
Bypass grafting around a neuroma-in-continuity entails coapting a nerve graft above and below the injured segment using two sequential end-to-side repairs. The proximal repair is analogous to what has been classically described as an end-to-side repair; the axons from the intact nerve sprout into the end of a recipient nerve and travel distally. At the distal connection, however, axons in the graft must enter the side of the intact nerve and find their way to appropriate end organs. This process has not been well investigated. To examine this, a reverse end-to-side repair, suturing the distal end of the peroneal nerve to the side of a transected and repaired tibial nerve, was performed in 20 rats. A primary end-to-end repair of the tibial nerve was performed in 10 additional rats. Twelve weeks later, contraction forces of the gastrocnemius muscle were measured following proximal stimulation. Measurements were repeated following elimination of potential axonal pathways to identify which axons (peroneal or tibial) had achieved greater reinnervation. The results indicated that both groups of axons had achieved significant reinnervation. This study supports the idea that a reverse end-to-side repair can result in axonal invasion of an intact but regenerating nerve and achieve functional recovery.
Published In/Presented At
Isaacs, J. E., Cheatham, S., Gagnon, E. B., Razavi, A., & McDowell, C. L. (2008). Reverse end-to-side neurotization in a regenerating nerve. Journal of reconstructive microsurgery, 24(7), 489–496. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1088230
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery