Impact of Panniculectomy and/or Abdominoplasty on Quality of Life: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis of Patient-Reported Outcomes.
BACKGROUND: Panniculectomy and abdominoplasty are uptrending procedures to address excess skin after weight loss which affects patient-reported quality of life. The authors aimed to identify factors associated with low preoperative quality of life, quantify the benefit of these procedures, and evaluate benefits across grades of obesity.
METHODS: Patients seeking panniculectomy and abdominoplasty between 2018 and 2019 with a completed preoperative BODY-Q questionnaire were identified. Stratification by quality of life in tertiles for each BODY-Q domain allowed identification of characteristics associated with low quality of life using chi-square tests. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to compare preoperative to postoperative change in quality of life. Differences in quality of life by obesity class (1-2 vs. 3) were ascertained using chi-square tests.
RESULTS: A total of 183 patients completed preoperative quality-of-life questionnaires. Preoperative factors associated with low quality of life included age older than 40 years, Black race, public insurance, hypertension, and American Society of Anesthesiologists class (all p < 0.05). Of patients who completed a preoperative BODY-Q and underwent surgery, 46 (63 percent) completed both surveys. Quality of life improved postoperatively across all domains ( p < 0.01). The presence of a surgical site occurrence (e.g., infection, delayed healing, hematoma, seroma) did not impact postoperative quality of life in any domain ( p > 0.05). Obesity classification did not affect change in quality of life preoperatively to postoperatively ( p > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Quality of life is significantly lower at baseline in older, Black, publicly insured patients, and multimorbid patients, but improves dramatically after panniculectomy and abdominoplasty regardless of incidence of complications or degree of obesity. .
CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.
Published In/Presented At
Rios-Diaz, A. J., Morris, M. P., Elfanagely, O., Cunning, J. R., Davis, H., Shakir, S., Broach, R. B., & Fischer, J. P. (2022). Impact of Panniculectomy and/or Abdominoplasty on Quality of Life: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis of Patient-Reported Outcomes. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 150(4), 767e–775e. https://doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000009551
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Surgery, Department of Surgery Residents, Fellows and Residents