Perioperative management of infants undergoing fundoplication and gastrostomy after stage I palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) represent a high-risk population when they present for noncardiac surgery. To assist clinicians in the care of these infants, we present our experience of 36 HLHS patients who underwent abdominal surgery after stage I palliation. We reviewed patients with HLHS who underwent gastrostomy and/or fundoplication after stage I palliation during an 18-month period. We assessed the impact of preoperative echocardiographic predictors and regional anesthesia on use of intraoperative inotropes, extubation in the OR, perioperative instability, postoperative escalation of care, and length of hospital and intensive care unit stay. Of 39 abdominal operations, all but 2 were performed with open laparotomy. There was a positive association between regional anesthesia and instability during induction. Escalation of respiratory care occurred in 9 (23.1%) cases, and escalation of hemodynamic care occurred in 6 (15.4%) cases. Neoaortic valve insufficiency was associated with increased length of stay, and ventricular outflow obstruction was associated with escalation of hemodynamic care. Extubation in the OR was successful in 31 cases (79.5%). In-hospital death occurred in 1 patient (2.7%). HLHS infants often undergo abdominal surgery, but intraoperative instability and need for escalation of care is common. Specific echocardiographic findings were associated with length of stay and escalation of care. Regional anesthesia was associated with transient intraoperative instability but not with other adverse outcomes.
Published In/Presented At
Watkins, S., Morrow, S. E., McNew, B. S., & Donahue, B. S. (2012). Perioperative management of infants undergoing fundoplication and gastrostomy after stage I palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Pediatric cardiology, 33(5), 697–704. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00246-012-0197-8
Anesthesiology | Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Anesthesiology