Title

Serum uric acid in U.S. adolescents: distribution and relationship to demographic characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors.

Publication/Presentation Date

7-1-2012

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite being associated with multiple disease processes and cardiovascular outcomes, uric acid (UA) reference ranges for adolescents are lacking. We sought to describe the distribution of UA and its relationship to demographic, clinical, socioeconomic, and dietary factors among U.S. adolescents.

METHODS: A nationally representative subsample of 1,912 adolescents aged 13-18 years in NHANES 2005-2008 representing 19,888,299 adolescents was used for this study. Percentiles of the distribution of UA were estimated using quantile regression. Linear regression models examined the association of UA and demographic, socioeconomic, and dietary factors.

RESULTS: Mean UA level was 5.14 ± 1.45 mg/dl. Mean UA increased with increasing age and was higher in non-Hispanic white race, male sex, higher body mass index (BMI) Z-score, and with higher systolic blood pressure. In fully adjusted linear regression models, sex, age, race, and BMI were independent determinants of higher UA.

CONCLUSIONS: This study defines serum UA reference ranges for adolescents. Also, it reveals some intriguing relationships between UA and demographic and clinical characteristics that warrant further studies to examine the pathophysiological role of UA in different disease processes.

Volume

72

Issue

1

First Page

95

Last Page

100

ISSN

1530-0447

Disciplines

Anesthesiology | Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

22465909

Department(s)

Department of Anesthesiology

Document Type

Article

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