Efficacy and Safety of Concomitant Tricuspid Repair in Patients Undergoing Mitral Valve Surgery: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Tricuspid valve repair (TVR) is recommended for patients with moderate primary tricuspid regurgitation (TR), those with moderate TR, and a history of heart failure without annular dilation, while being essential for patients with severe secondary TR undergoing MVS. The meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tricuspid valve repair in patients undergoing MVS. We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar through January 2022, and studies comparing patients with TVR and those without TVR were selected. The primary outcomes were 30-day, and all-cause mortality. In this meta-analysis, 20 studies were included with a patient population of 72,422. No significant differences were observed between patients undergoing TVR with MVS, in comparison to MVS group only for the primary outcomes i.e., 30-day mortality (RR: 1.14, 95% CI [0.69, 1.87], and all-cause mortality (RR: 1.16, 95% CI [0.86, 1.57]. From the secondary outcomes, pacemaker insertion (RR: 2.62, 95% CI [2.24, 3.06]), new-onset TR or progression (RR: 0.32, 95% CI [0.16, 0.66]), stroke (RR: 1.22, 95% CI [1.05, 1.42]), cross-clamp time (WMD: 17.67, 95% CI [13.96, 21.37]), surgery time (WMD: 43.59, 95% CI [37.07, 50.10]), ICU time (WMD: 19.50, 95% CI [9.31, 29.67]), and ventilation time (WMD: 6.62, 95% CI [0.69, 12.55]) were significant. However, major bleeding events, atrial fibrillation, renal failure, heart failure hospitalization, postoperative MI, wound infection, early or prolonged morbidity, cardiopulmonary bypass time, and duration of hospital stay were non-significant. Our meta-analysis has furthered the discussion for weighing the risks and benefits of pursuing TVR during MVS.
Published In/Presented At
Yasmin, F., Najeeb, H., Naeem, U., Moeed, A., Zaidi, F., Asghar, M. S., & Aamir, M. (2022). Efficacy and Safety of Concomitant Tricuspid Repair in Patients Undergoing Mitral Valve Surgery: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Current problems in cardiology, 47(12), 101360. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101360
Medicine and Health Sciences
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents