Computed Tomography Angiography Prediction of Successful Trasnscatheter Embolization for Type II Endoleak of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of computed tomography (CT) angiography before transarterial embolization (TAE) in predicting TAE's technical success for type II endoleaks (T2ELs).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients (mean age, 74.4 years; range, 46-89 years) who underwent attempted TAE for T2EL from July 2014 to August 2019 and underwent CT angiography before the procedure were included. Each CT angiography result was assessed for a feeding artery that was traceable over its entire course from either the superior mesenteric artery or the internal iliac artery to the endoleak cavity. TAE was performed using coils and was considered technically successful if embolization of the endoleak cavity and feeding artery was performed. The technical success rates were compared between patients with and without traceable feeding arteries.
RESULTS: A fully traceable feeding artery supplying 75% (44/59) of endoleaks in the cohort was identified. TAE was technically successful in 95% (42/44) of these cases but only in 13% (2/15) of the cases without a fully traceable feeding artery (P < .001). When the inferior mesenteric artery was the feeding artery, it was always fully traceable, and TAE was technically successful in 100% (33/33) of the cases. When a lumbar artery was the feeding artery, it was fully traceable in only 42% (11/26) of the cases. When the lumbar artery was not fully traceable, TAE was technically successful in only 13% (2/15) of the cases.
CONCLUSIONS: The traceability of a feeding artery over its entire course to an endoleak cavity using CT angiography was associated with TAE's technical success. Lumbar feeding arteries were less likely to be fully traceable. TAE's high failure rate when the feeding artery was not fully traceable suggests that translumbar embolization can be considered as an initial approach for theses patients.
Published In/Presented At
Li, S., Harrison, N., Jackson, B. M., Wang, G. J., & Stavropoulos, S. W. (2021). Computed Tomography Angiography Prediction of Successful Trasnscatheter Embolization for Type II Endoleak of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair. Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR, 32(7), 1011–1015.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2021.03.546
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division