Interatrial conduction measured during biventricular pacemaker implantation accurately predicts optimal paced atrioventricular intervals.
BACKGROUND: Optimizing atrioventricular (AV) delay during biventricular (BiV) pacemaker implantation can require substantial resources. Hence, a simpler method is desirable. We hypothesized that interatrial conduction time (IACT), measured at the time of BiV device implant, could be a surrogate value for the optimal AV delay.
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the relationship between paced IACT and the optimal paced AV delay (PAV), as determined by echocardiography.
METHODS: Consecutive subjects (N = 25; age = 66 +/- 10 years; M/F: 17/8) undergoing BiV pacemaker implantation and in sinus rhythm were included. Cannulation of the coronary sinus (CS) was at the operator's discretion. A quadripolar electrophysiology catheter was inserted via the guiding sheath into the inferiolateral CS to measure left atrial depolarization. The IACT was calculated as the interval between right atrial stimulation artifact and earliest deflection on the coronary sinus catheter electrogram. Subsequently, during atrial pacing the PAV was determined using transmitral pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography (iterative method). The relationship between paced IACT and PAV was then determined.
RESULTS: The mean +/- SD paced IACT and PAV were 126 +/- 25 msec and 157 +/- 23 msec, respectively. There was a strong positive correlation between the paced IACT and PAV (r = 0.73, P < 0.001). The equation describing the relationship was PAV = 0.68 * (IACT + 104) msec.
CONCLUSIONS: The paced IACT has a strong correlation with the echo derived optimal PAV. This method may be used to program PAV intervals without need for echocardiography in patients undergoing BiV pacemaker implantation.
Published In/Presented At
Levin, V., Nemeth, M., Colombowala, I., Massumi, A., Rasekh, A., Cheng, J., Coles, J. A., Jr, Ujhelyi, M. R., & Razavi, M. (2007). Interatrial conduction measured during biventricular pacemaker implantation accurately predicts optimal paced atrioventricular intervals. Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 18(3), 290–295. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8167.2006.00744.x
Medicine and Health Sciences