Title

Ischemic mitral regurgitation: a quantitative three-dimensional echocardiographic analysis.

Publication/Presentation Date

1-1-2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A comprehensive three-dimensional echocardiography based approach is applied to preoperative mitral valve (MV) analysis in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). This method is used to characterize the heterogeneous nature of the pathologic anatomy associated with IMR.

METHODS: Intraoperative real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiograms of 18 patients with IMR (10 with anterior, 8 with inferior infarcts) and 17 patients with normal MV were analyzed. A customized image analysis protocol was used to assess global and regional determinants of annular size and shape, leaflet tethering and curvature, relative papillary muscle anatomy, and anatomic regurgitant orifice area.

RESULTS: Both mitral annular area and MV tenting volume were increased in the IMR group as compared with patients with normal MV (mitral annular area=1,065±59 mm2 versus 779±44 mm2, p=0.001; and MV tenting volume=3,413±403 mm3 versus 1,696±200 mm3, p=0.001, respectively). Within the IMR group, patients with anterior infarct had larger annuli (1,168±99 mm2) and greater tenting volumes (4,260±779 mm3 versus 2,735±245 mm3, p=0.06) than the inferior infarct subgroup. Papillary-annular distance was increased in the IMR group relative to normal; these distances were largest in patients with anterior infarcts. Whereas patients with normal MV had very consistent anatomic determinants, annular shape and leaflet tenting distribution in the IMR group were exceedingly variable. Mean anatomic regurgitant orifice area was 25.8±3.0 mm2, and the number of discrete regurgitant orifices varied from 1 to 4.

CONCLUSIONS: Application of custom analysis techniques to three-dimensional echocardiography images allows a quantitative and systematic analysis of the MV, and demonstrates the extreme variability in pathologic anatomy that occurs in patients with severe IMR.

Volume

91

Issue

1

First Page

157

Last Page

164

ISSN

1552-6259

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

21172506

Department(s)

Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division

Document Type

Article

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