Mild hypothermia to limit myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury: importance of timing.
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia during ischemia has been shown to reduce myocardial reperfusion injury. We sought to establish the cardioprotective effect of very mild total-body hypothermia (
METHODS: Rabbits were subjected to 30 minutes of myocardial ischemia followed by 3 hours of reperfusion. Twenty-five animals were maintained at normal temperature (39.5 degrees C) throughout the experiment (W-W-W group). All other animals were cooled to reduce left atrial temperature 2.0 degrees C to 2.5 degrees C. Eleven animals reached goal temperature before coronary occlusion (C-C-C group), in 14 animals cooling was initiated at coronary occlusion (W-C0-C group), in 8 animals cooling was initiated 15 minutes after coronary occlusion (W-C15-C group), in 5 animals cooling was initiated 25 minutes after coronary occlusion (W-C25-C group), and in 13 animals cooling was started concurrently with reperfusion (W-W-C group). Infarct size as a percentage of the risk area (I/AR) was determined by a double staining-planimetry technique.
RESULTS: Goal temperature was achieved before reperfusion in the C-C-C and W-C0-C groups but was not achieved until the reperfusion period in the other treatment groups. Infarct size was 59.0 +/- 1.2% in the W-W-W group and was reduced in all cooling groups (C-C-C = 30.4 +/- 4.9%; W-C0-C = 33.4 +/- 5.0%; W-C15-C = 42.4 +/- 1.4%; W-C25-C = 44.1 +/- 2.3%; W-W-C = 50.5 +/- 4.1%). The temperature at reperfusion correlated most strongly with infarct size (r = 0.72, p < 1 x 10(-12)).
CONCLUSIONS: Very mild hypothermia affords a significant cardioprotective effect. Temperature at the time of reperfusion most strongly correlates with the degree of myocardial salvage.
Published In/Presented At
Kanemoto, S., Matsubara, M., Noma, M., Leshnower, B. G., Parish, L. M., Jackson, B. M., Hinmon, R., Hamamoto, H., Gorman, J. H., 3rd, & Gorman, R. C. (2009). Mild hypothermia to limit myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury: importance of timing. The Annals of thoracic surgery, 87(1), 157–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2008.08.012
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division