Constipation and Outcomes of Cecostomy.
Constipation, defined as delay or difficulty in defecation, present for 2 or more weeks, is a common problem encountered by both primary and specialty medical providers. There are no randomized controlled trials on the use of antegrade enemas in the pediatric population. Most published papers are based on the experience at a particular center. The aim of this article is to describe the pathophysiology of constipation, review the contribution of colonic manometry to the diagnosis of constipation, summarize the advancements in the management of constipation through the use of antegrade enemas, and study the outcomes of cecostomy at different centers. This study is a comprehensive literature review generated by computerized search of literature, supplemented by review of monographs and textbooks in pathology, gastroenterology, and surgery. Literature search was performed using the publications from 1997 to 2012. The search included publications of all types presenting or reviewing data on cecostomy. The antegrade continence enema is a therapeutic option for defecation disorders when maximal conventional therapy is not successful. Symptoms of defecation disorders in children with different underlying etiologies improve significantly after a cecostomy is created. In addition, there is a benefit on the patients' physical activity, healthcare utilization, and general well-being. Based on the review of published literature it seems that antegrade enemas are a successful therapeutic option in children with severe constipation and/or fecal incontinence. With the advent of cecostomy buttons, patient compliance and the overall cosmetic appearance have improved.
Published In/Presented At
Arya, S., Gupta, N., Gupta, R., & Aggarwal, A. (2016). Constipation and Outcomes of Cecostomy. American journal of therapeutics, 23(6), e1867–e1875. https://doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0000000000000417
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, Fellows and Residents