Publication/Presentation Date

6-1-2018

Abstract

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is described in patients with mucin-producing cancers and connective tissue disorders (usually SLE). We report NBTE in the setting of primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). A 65-year-old female with APS was incidentally found to have thickened mitral leaflets on transthoracic echocardiogram with no signs of infection. Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) showed a mobile mitral mass (1.4 × 0.7 cm) and moderate mitral regurgitation. Differential diagnoses included bacterial endocarditis, NBTE, thrombus or tumor. Given the history of primary APS, the absence of fever and negative blood cultures, NBTE was considered. Low-molecular-weight heparin, hydroxychloroquine and corticosteroid were initiated. Repeat TEE in a week revealed shrinkage of the mass (0.6 × 0.7 cm), indicating an inflammatory nature. Lifelong anticoagulation is indicated regardless of embolism occurrence. Hydroxychloroquine and corticosteroids may have roles in the treatment. Determining and treating the underlying etiology is important.

Volume

2018

Issue

6

First Page

024

Last Page

024

ISSN

2053-8855

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

PubMedID

29977578

Department(s)

Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division

Document Type

Article

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