Growing role of SGLT2i in heart failure: evidence from clinical trials.
INTRODUCTION: : There is an unmet need for therapies that improve overall mortality and morbidity for patients with preserved ejection fraction, who comprise roughly half of all heart failure (HF) cases. The growing role of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) in cardiovascular outcomes provides a paradigm shift in the treatment of HF.
AREAS COVERED: : This review article provides a general overview of the growing role of SGLT2is and summarizes the mechanism of action, side effects, and contraindications for the treatment of HF. We also discuss recent clinical trials measuring the effects of different SGLT2is as possible treatment options for HF with reduced ejection fraction and HF with mid-range and preserved EF. We conducted a review of all the randomized, controlled studies with SGLT2is in patients with known heart failure with and without type-2 diabetes (T2DM). We performed a literature search in PubMed, Google Scholar, the Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library while screening results by the use of titles and abstracts.
EXPERT OPINION: : The promising pathophysiological profile of SGLT2i and their role in cardioprotective effects demonstrate an invaluable discovery in the management of patients with HF irrespective of their diabetes status.
Published In/Presented At
Varadhan, A., Stephan, K., Gupta, R., Vyas, A. V., Ranchal, P., Aronow, W. S., Hawwa, N., & Lanier, G. M. (2022). Growing role of SGLT2i in heart failure: evidence from clinical trials. Expert review of clinical pharmacology, 1–13. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512433.2022.2051480
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine