Gender Differences in Neurologic Emergencies Part I: a Consensus Summary and Research Agenda on Cerebrovascular Disease.
Cerebrovascular neurologic emergencies including ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and migraine are leading causes of death and disability that are frequently diagnosed and treated in the emergency department (ED). Although sex and gender differences in neurologic emergencies are beginning to become clearer, there are many unanswered questions about how emergency physicians should incorporate sex and gender into their research initiatives, patient evaluations, and overall management plans for these conditions. After evaluating the existing gaps in the literature, a core group of ED researchers developed a draft of future research priorities. Participants in the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference neurologic emergencies working group then discussed and approved the recommended research agenda using a standardized nominal group technique. Recommendations for future research on the role of sex and gender in the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes pertinent to ED providers are described for each of three diagnoses: stroke, SAH, and migraine. Recommended future research also includes investigation of the biologic and pathophysiologic differences between men and women with neurologic emergencies as they pertain to ED diagnoses and treatments.
Published In/Presented At
Madsen, T. E., Seigel, T. A., Mackenzie, R. S., Marcolini, E. G., Wira, C. R., Healy, M. E., & ... Gentile, N. T. (2014). Gender differences in neurologic emergencies part I: a consensus summary and research agenda on cerebrovascular disease. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal Of The Society For Academic Emergency Medicine, 21(12), 1403-1413. doi:10.1111/acem.12528
Peer Reviewed for front end display
Department of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty