Syncope is a common emergency department (ED) chief complaint. Rarely, syncope can be the result of right ventricular outflow obstruction from an intracardiac tumor, such as an intracardiac extension of intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL). Typically, this type of tumor is confined to the pelvic veins, but in very rare cases, it can extend through the inferior vena cava into the right atrium. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can be a crucial tool in the ED for identifying intracardiac tumors presenting as syncope and expediting clinical management. We present the case of a 39-year-old female with no prior medical history that presented to the ED having experienced dyspnea on exertion and two syncopal episodes prior to ED admission. POCUS use in the ED elucidated the presence of a right atrial mass and further imaging showed a mass on the patient's uterus. After surgical removal of a portion of the atrial mass, a subsequent biopsy revealed it had leiomyoma-like features; as such, the patient was diagnosed with IVL. This case illustrates the importance of using POCUS in the ED to help determine the etiology of syncope. Although intracardiac extensions of IVL are rare, it is important for emergency physicians to keep this diagnosis in the differential in patients with symptoms or risk factors suggestive of IVL with intracardiac extension.
Published In/Presented At
Schultz, K. L., Quinn, S. M., Miller, A. H., Fieman, R. E., Cipolle, M. D., Misselbeck, T. S., & Roth, K. R. (2021). Point of care ultrasound facilitated diagnosis of right ventricular mass as the etiology of syncope; A case report of intravenous leiomyomatosis. Radiology case reports, 16(6), 1288–1293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2021.02.062
Emergency Medicine | Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty, Department of Emergency Medicine Residents, Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, Department of Surgery