Designing and Evaluating a Prediabetes Shared Decision Aid.
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is increasing in prevalence and is associated with risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and retinopathy. Clinicians have limited tools to facilitate prediabetes discussions within primary care visits.
PURPOSE: 1) Develop a Patient and Stakeholder Advisory Committee (PASAC) to design, evaluate, and revise a prediabetes shared decision aid, and 2) evaluate the feasibility and experience of implementing the tool within primary care practice.
METHODS: A prediabetes decision aid (double-sided infographic with decision questions) was created by a PASAC that included patients, primary care clinicians, diabetes educators, endocrinologists, and pharmacists. Five clinicians within 3 primary care practices tested the prediabetes tool with 50 adult patients with prediabetes. Patients completed 2 surveys immediately after the office visit and 6 weeks later. Clinicians and PASAC members completed a postintervention survey.
RESULTS: The prediabetes shared decision aid was created through a deliberative process over 3 PASAC meetings. Ninety-six percent of patients felt the tool prepared them to decide on a diabetes prevention plan, and 100% of clinicians would use the tool again and felt the tool did not extend visit length.
DISCUSSION: It was feasible to cocreate a prediabetes shared decision aid within a PASAC and implement the tool within a primary care setting. Patients and clinicians reported a prediabetes discussion, which may mitigate rates of progression to diabetes and associated complications. Future research should evaluate which of the intervention components most effectively promotes discussion of prediabetes within a primary care setting.
Published In/Presented At
Careyva, B. A., Shaak, K., Burgess, N. M., Johnson, M. B., Banerjee, E. S., Chung, Y., Davis, A. N., & Payton, C. (2020). Designing and Evaluating a Prediabetes Shared Decision Aid. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM, 33(2), 262–270. https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2020.02.190070
Family Medicine | Medicine and Health Sciences
Peer Reviewed for front end display
Department of Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine Faculty, Department of Family Medicine Residents