The Relationship Between the Arteriovenous Carbon Dioxide Gradient and Cardiac Index.
It has been reported that under normal conditions, mixed venous blood gases have approximated arterial samples; however, during cardiac arrest or severe cardiogenic shock, marked differences between arterial and venous blood gases have been noted. To further assess the relationships between arterial and mixed venous blood gases and cardiac index, a study population was chosen consisting of patients with less severe states of cardiac impairment. The differences between arterial and mixed venous PCO2s and pHs were compared with cardiac indexes (CI) of 44 patients in an intensive care unit with arterial lines and Swan-Ganz catheters in place. Twenty-six patients with normal CIs (2.6 to 4.1 L/min/m2) had a mean difference in mixed venous-arterial PCO2 (delta PCO2) of 4.88 +/- 0.40 mm Hg. In patients with low CIs (< 2.6), the delta PCO2 was 7.44 +/- 0.63 mm Hg (P = .001). The difference of mixed venous and arterial pH (delta pH) was 0.027 +/- 0.004 pH units for patients with normal CIs and 0.04 +/- 0.003 pH units for those with low CIs (P < .002). When the CIs of all patients were plotted against the delta PCO2s, there was an inverse linear relationship wherein delta PCO2 increased as CI decreased (r = -.47, P = .0011). There is an inverse relationship between delta PCO2 and CI that has not been previously described. An elevated delta PCO2 may be a marker of a low cardiac index.
Published In/Presented At
Durkin, R., Gergits, M. A., Reed, J. 3., & Fitzgibbons, J. (1993). The relationship between the arteriovenous carbon dioxide gradient and cardiac index. Journal Of Critical Care, 8(4), 217-221.
Critical Care | Medical Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine