The Disappearing Murmur: Systolic Anterior Motion of the Mitral Valve Leaflet in a Non-hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Patient
Systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve is a well-known phenomenon associated with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and hemodynamic compromise. This finding may occur in patients with or without hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. In this report, a patient with no prior medical history presented to the hospital with left-sided chest pain and high-risk echocardiogram (ECG) findings. Left heart catheterization with coronary angiography was negative for coronary artery disease. His initial examination was significant for a systolic murmur due to the underlying SAM, as demonstrated by transthoracic echocardiogram. During his hospitalization, he developed acute heart failure syndrome as a result of dynamic outflow tract obstruction. He was treated with fluid resuscitation with a resolution of his hemodynamic compromise. On a follow-up examination, there was no murmur and SAM was no longer present on echocardiogram. This case demonstrates the importance of recognizing the clinical manifestations of SAM as well as its role in maintaining an appropriate hemodynamic status.
Published In/Presented At
Sabzwari, SR, Kimber, J. Ayele, H. Khanani, N. Sheikh, T. Akbar, G. Feldman, B. (2018). The Disappearing Murmur: Systolic Anterior Motion of the Mitral Valve Leaflet in a Non-hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Patient. Cureus 10(6): e2855. DOI 10.7759/cureus.2855.
Cardiology | Internal Medicine
Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine Faculty, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents, Cardiology Division