Trends in the Epidemiology and Outcomes of Pneumocystis Pneumonia among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Hospitalizations.
METHODS: The national inpatient sample (NIS) data were analyzed from 2002-2014. The discharge coding identified hospitalized patients with HIV or AIDS and with or without PCP.
RESULTS: We identified 3,011,725 hospitalizations with HIV/AIDS during the study period; PCP was present in 5% of the patients with a diagnosis of HIV. The rates of PCP progressively declined from 6.7% in 2002 to 3.5 % in 2014 (
CONCLUSION: From 2002 to 2014, the rate of PCP in HIV patients has decreased significantly in the United States but is associated with substantially higher mortality.
Published In/Presented At
Elango, K., Mudgal, M., Murthi, S., Yella, P. R., Nagrecha, S., Srinivasan, V., Sekar, V., Koshy, M., Ramalingam, S., & Gunasekaran, K. (2022). Trends in the Epidemiology and Outcomes of Pneumocystis Pneumonia among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Hospitalizations. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(5), 2768. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052768
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Fellows and Residents