The coronavirus pandemic has crippled healthcare system since its outbreak in 2020, and has led to over 2.6 million deaths worldwide. Clinical manifestations of COVID-19 range from asymptomatic carrier to severe pneumonia, to life-threatening acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The early efforts of the pandemic surrounded treating the pulmonary component of COVID-19, however, there has been robust data surrounding the cardiac complications associated with the virus. This is suspected to be from a marked inflammatory response as well as direct viral injury. Arrhythmias, acute myocardial injury, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, thrombosis, and myocardial fibrosis are some of the observed cardiac complications. There have been high morbidity and mortality rates in those affected by cardiac conditions associated with COVID-19. Additionally, there have been documented cases of patients presenting with typical cardiac symptoms who are subsequently discovered to have COVID-19 infection. In those who test positive for COVID-19, clinical awareness of the significant cardiac components of the virus is pertinent to prevent morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, treatment and preventative measures developed for COVID-19 have been shown to be also be associated with cardiac complications. This is a comprehensive review of the cardiac complications and manifestations of COVID-19 infection in addition to those associated with both treatment and vaccination.
Published In/Presented At
Maitz T, Parfianowicz D, Vojtek A, Rajeswaran Y, Vyas AV, Gupta R. COVID-19 Cardiovascular Connection: A Review of Cardiac Manifestations in COVID-19 Infection and Treatment Modalities [published online ahead of print, 2022 Mar 26]. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2022;101186. doi:10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101186
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine