Development and Characterization of an In Vitro Model for Radiation-Induced Fibrosis.
Radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF) is a major side effect of radiotherapy in cancer patients with no effective therapeutic options. RIF involves excess deposition and aberrant remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) leading to stiffness in tissues and organ failure. Development of preclinical models of RIF is crucial to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating fibrosis and to develop therapeutic approaches. In addition to radiation, the main molecular perpetrators of fibrotic reactions are cytokines, including transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). We hypothesized that human oral fibroblasts would develop an in vitro fibrotic reaction in response to radiation and TGF-β. We demonstrate here that fibroblasts exposed to radiation followed by TGF-β exhibit a fibrotic phenotype with increased collagen deposition, cell proliferation, migration and invasion. In this in vitro model of RIF (RIF
Published In/Presented At
Kumar, D., Yalamanchali, S., New, J., Parsel, S., New, N., Holcomb, A., Gunewardena, S., Tawfik, O., Lominska, C., Kimler, B. F., Anant, S., Kakarala, K., Tsue, T., Shnayder, Y., Sykes, K., Padhye, S., & Thomas, S. M. (2018). Development and Characterization of an In Vitro Model for Radiation-Induced Fibrosis. Radiation research, 189(3), 326–336. https://doi.org/10.1667/RR14926.1
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine
Presented at the American Head and Neck Society for the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meeting: San Diego, CA, April 2017.