Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging thresholds identifying core, irreversibly infarcted tissue.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identifying core, irreversibly infarcted tissue and salvageable penumbral tissue is crucial to informed, physiologically guided decision making regarding thrombolytic and other interventional therapies in acute ischemic stroke. Pretreatment perfusion MRI offers promise as a means to differentiate core from penumbral tissues.
METHODS: Diffusion-perfusion MRIs were performed before treatment and on day 7 in patients undergoing successful vessel recanalization with intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy. Perfusion maps of the time to peak of the residue function (Tmax) were generated after deconvolution of an arterial input function. Initial perfusion abnormalities and final infarct regions were outlined by hand. Posttreatment images were coregistered to the pretreatment study. Voxel-by-voxel and volume analyses were performed to identify thresholds of perfusion abnormalities that best predict core, irreversibly infarcted tissue.
RESULTS: Fourteen patients (4 men, 10 women) with vessel recanalization were studied. Mean age was 73 years, and median entry National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 12. Mean time from symptom onset to start of intra-arterial infusion was 245 minutes and to recanalization was 338 minutes. With a voxel-by-voxel analysis, Tmax > or =6 and > or =8 seconds (sensitivity, 71% and 53%; specificity, 63% and 80%) correlated most highly with day 7 final infarct. With a volume analysis, Tmax > or =6 and > or =8 seconds (r2=0.704 and r2=0.705) correlated most highly with day 7 final infarct.
CONCLUSIONS: Perfusion-weighted imaging measures of ischemia severity accurately differentiate irreversibly injured core from penumbral, salvageable tissue. The best threshold for identifying core infarcted tissue is adjusted Tmax of > or =6 to 8 seconds.
Published In/Presented At
Shih, L. C., Saver, J. L., Alger, J. R., Starkman, S., Leary, M. C., Vinuela, F., Duckwiler, G., Gobin, Y. P., Jahan, R., Villablanca, J. P., Vespa, P. M., & Kidwell, C. S. (2003). Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging thresholds identifying core, irreversibly infarcted tissue. Stroke, 34(6), 1425–1430. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.STR.0000072998.70087.E9
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine