Current practice patterns in urologic management of upper-tract transitional-cell carcinoma.
PURPOSE: To determine the current practice patterns in the management of upper-tract transitional-cell carcinoma (TCC) among a large group of urologists.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to 220 practicing members of the Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) and the Endourological Society (ES) and members of the American Urological Association who did not belong to either society. The survey consisted of 16 focused questions pertaining to the surveillance and management of upper-tract TCC. The responses were used to create a database, which was then analyzed to determine practice trends.
RESULTS: Eighty-four of the urologists responded, for a response rate of 38%. Fourteen responses were excluded because of multiple answers to a given question, so 70 were included in the final analysis. Eighty percent of the respondents were in academic practice. A CT urogram was the favored initial procedure for diagnosis of upper-tract TCC and an intravenous urogram was the next commonest choice (53% and 40%, respectively). Ureterorenoscopy was the surveillance tool of choice (70%) after conservative treatment of upper- tract TCC. Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy was the preferred procedure (73%) for a high-grade, large renal-pelvic TCC. Twenty-one percent of the endourologists recommended ureteroscopic ablation for a high-grade, large distal ureteral tumor. This was in sharp contrast to 77% of the respondents who favored a distal ureterectomy for the same clinical scenario.
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that most urologists treating upper-tract TCC follow the principles reported in the published literature regarding the management of these patients. Further, most urologists, regardless of society affiliations or years in practice, favor minimally invasive techniques for the management of upper-tract TCC. This information may be useful in formulating clear guidelines for the management of this disease.
Published In/Presented At
Razdan, S., Johannes, J., Cox, M., & Bagley, D. H. (2005). Current practice patterns in urologic management of upper-tract transitional-cell carcinoma. Journal of endourology, 19(3), 366–371. https://doi.org/10.1089/end.2005.19.366
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine