Effect of acute kidney injury on hospital-based outcomes in patients admitted for variceal hemorrhage. Analysis of national inpatient sample database.
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is known to be a marker of mortality in patients with cirrhosis and variceal hemorrhage.
AIM: To study the effect of AKI on hospital-based outcomes in patients with variceal hemorrhage.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We obtained data from the National Inpatient Sample for the years 2016-2018. Study inclusion criteria comprised adult variceal hemorrhage patients who also had AKI. The primary outcome of interest was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were length of stay, hospital charge, shock, blood transfusion, and ICU admission. We also determined the independent predictors of mortality in variceal hemorrhage patients using multivariate regression analysis. We used 2 different methods: multivariate logistic regression and propensity matching to adjust for confounders.
RESULTS: The number of people included in this study was 124,430, of whom 32,315 (26%) had AKI. Mortality in variceal hemorrhage patients with AKI was 30.4% in comparison to 4.8% without AKI. The presence of AKI was associated with increased odds of mortality (AOR = 8.28, 95% CI: 7.45-9.20,
CONCLUSIONS: After analyzing the combined NIS dataset of 2016-2018, we concluded that patients admitted with variceal hemorrhage who has AKI are prone to adverse hospital outcomes.
Published In/Presented At
Tarar, Z. I., Zafar, M. U., Farooq, U., Kamal, F., Inayat, F., Rajwana, Y., Ghous, G., Chela, H. K., Tahan, V., & Daglilar, E. (2023). Effect of acute kidney injury on hospital-based outcomes in patients admitted for variceal hemorrhage. Analysis of national inpatient sample database. Przeglad gastroenterologiczny, 18(1), 85–92. https://doi.org/10.5114/pg.2022.115135
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine