Risk Factors Associated With Atrial Fibrillation in Elderly Patients.
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia with a growing prevalence worldwide, especially in the elderly population. Patients with AF are at higher risk of serious life-threatening events and complications that may lead to long-term sequelae and reduce quality of life. The aim of our study was to examine the association of additional risk factors and comorbid medical conditions with AF in patients 65 years, or older.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective electronic medical record review of patients aged 65 years and older, who visited our internal medicine office between July 1, 2020 and June 30, 2021.
RESULTS: Among 2,433 patients, 418 patients (17.2%) had AF. Our analysis showed that for each unit increased in age, there was a 4.5% increase in the odds of AF (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.2-6.9%; P < 0.001). Compared to patients of Caucasian descent, African-American patients had significantly decreased odds of AF (odds ratio (OR) 0.274, 95% CI 0.141 - 0.531; P < 0.001). Patients with hypertension had 2.241 greater odds of AF (95% CI 1.421 - 3.534; P = 0.001). Additional comorbidities with significantly greater odds of AF included other cardiac arrhythmias (OR 2.523, 95% CI 1.720 - 3.720; P < 0.001), congestive heart failure (OR 3.111, 95% CI 1.674 - 5.784; P < 0.001), osteoarthritis (OR 3.014, 95% CI 2.138 - 4.247; P < 0.001), liver disease (OR 2.129, 95% CI 1.164 - 3.893; P = 0.014), and colorectal disease (OR 1.500 95% CI 1.003 - 2.243; P = 0.048). Comorbidities with significantly decreased odds of AF included other rheumatological disorder (OR 0.144, 95% CI 0.086 - 0.243; P < 0.001), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) use (OR 0.206, 95% CI 0.125 - 0.338; P < 0.001), and corticosteroid use (OR 0.553, 95% CI 0.374 - 0.819; P = 0.003).
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing age, hypertension, presence of other cardiac arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, osteoarthritis, liver disease, and colorectal disease are associated with increased odds of having AF.
Published In/Presented At
Shin, J., Andrews, M., DeJean, L., Debski, N., Exarchakis, A., Fleming, J., Gandhi, R., Hum, C., Kalladanthyil, A., Maddigunta, R., Napoli, L., Nguyen, C., Paul, R., Schmalbach, N., Sichel, J., Snyder, S., Stern, M., Thampi, S., Viggiano, J., Yao, G., … Roy, S. (2023). Risk Factors Associated With Atrial Fibrillation in Elderly Patients. Journal of clinical medicine research, 15(3), 148–160. https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4884
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents, Fellows and Residents