Corneal nerve loss as a surrogate marker for poor pial collaterals in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
In patients with acute ischemic stroke, pial collaterals play a key role in limiting neurological disability by maintaining blood flow to ischemic penumbra. We hypothesized that patient with poor pial collaterals will have greater corneal nerve and endothelial cell abnormalities. In a cross-sectional study, 35 patients with acute ischemic stroke secondary to middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion with poor (n = 12) and moderate-good (n = 23) pial collaterals and 35 healthy controls underwent corneal confocal microscopy and quantification of corneal nerve and endothelial cell morphology. In patients with MCA stroke, corneal nerve fibre length (CNFL) (P < 0.001), corneal nerve fibre density (CNFD) (P = 0.025) and corneal nerve branch density (CNBD) (P = 0.002) were lower compared to controls. Age, BMI, cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, LDL, systolic blood pressure, NIHSS and endothelial cell parameters did not differ but mRS was higher (p = 0.023) and CNFL (p = 0.026) and CNBD (p = 0.044) were lower in patients with poor compared to moderate-good collaterals. CNFL and CNBD distinguished subjects with poor from moderate-good pial collaterals with an AUC of 72% (95% CI 53-92%) and 71% (95% CI 53-90%), respectively. Corneal nerve loss is greater in patients with poor compared to moderate-good pial collaterals and may act as a surrogate marker for pial collateral status in patients with ischemic stroke.
Published In/Presented At
Khan, A., Menon, A., Akhtar, N., Kamran, S., Muhammad, A., Ponirakis, G., Gad, H., Petropoulos, I. N., Wadiwala, F., Babu, B., Narangoli, A. M., Bermejo, P. G., Al Hamad, H., Ramadan, M., Woodruff, P., Santos, M., Saqqur, M., Shuaib, A., & Malik, R. A. (2021). Corneal nerve loss as a surrogate marker for poor pial collaterals in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Scientific reports, 11(1), 19718. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-99131-0
Medicine and Health Sciences
Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine Fellows and Residents, Fellows and Residents